原料介紹|馬纓丹 (Lantana)

馬纓丹 Lantana


拉丁學名|Lantana camara
主要產地|馬達加斯加
原料分類|花朵系列
原料規格|500g-25kg 詳情請洽業務
萃取部位|花朵
萃取方式|蒸餾
植物科別|馬鞭草科
植物氣味|濃鬱水仙花氣味,帶有甜美的氣息

▎精油簡介

馬纓丹(Lantana camara),常綠半蔓性灌木。原產於熱帶美洲,三百年前由荷蘭人帶來台灣,株高1.5~3 米,小枝四棱形,具有逆向的銳利,全株含刺激性異味,葉對生,廣卵形,鋸齒緣。兩面均被有短硬毛。四季開花,頭狀花序作傘房狀排列;花托下部具線狀披針形之苞片;花冠高腳狀盆形,先端作不整齊4~5 裂,裂片闊短形,平展;花冠初呈黃色及粉紅色,後變為橙色或濃紅色,果實為核果,球形,肉質,光滑,成熟時藍黑色,成串著生。品種繁多,有黃花、白花及無刺等之品種,為盆景、庭園樹及綠籬之植材。

傳統藥草記載多是葉片效用,治流感、治傷筋、治皮膚搔癢等等,本草「情味苦寒,有毒」,指的是酮類特性,枝葉及未成熟果實有毒,誤食造成慢性肝中毒,有發燒、衰弱、嘔吐、腹瀉、步伐不穩、呼吸急促、昏迷、黃疸等症狀,但精油不具毒性。

在台灣處處可見生命力旺盛的馬纓丹植株,但精油萃取是來自遙遠的馬達加斯加的馬纓丹葉片。氣味溫暖強烈,其中高比例的印蒿酮,是化瘀的好成分,可以舒緩喉嚨痛,幫助排除濃痰。另外馬纓丹推動身體陽性能量生髮的效果非常好,陽性能量強大的馬纓丹精油,可搭配在膽經使用上,但僅需一點點,就能提供強悍厚實的陽性能量,切忌過多。

▎精油功效

功效類型功效說明
生理功效排解黏液、舒緩呼吸道不適(慢性氣管炎、氣喘)、舒緩經期綜合症(月經不順、通經)、遠離病菌、肝膽功能調節、抑炎、延緩老化預防瘤子、皮膚受到傳染、皮膚調節。
心理功效強而有力的戰鬥力與堅強的生命力。

▎成分解析

|主要成分:倍半萜酮、倍半萜烯

成分以倍半萜酮,倍半萜烯為主,有印蒿酮、馬纓丹烯Lantadene、類馬纓丹酸(Lantanolic acid)、馬纓丹異酸(Lnatic acid),以及其他葎草烯(Humulene)、β-石竹烯(β-Caryophyllene)、 γ-松油烯(γ-Terpinene)、α-蒎烯(α-Pinene)及對繖花烴(ρ-Cymene)微量成分。

|研究認證

▸ 馬纓丹精油有遠離病菌作用


▸ 研究顯示,馬纓丹精油的抑菌作用可用於保存食物。

|原料認證

▎配方指標

皮膚搔癢處理

常見問題

活血化瘀

馬櫻丹 3 滴、薰衣鼠尾草 3滴、白芷 1 滴、白玉蘭葉 8 滴、芝麻油 10ml,調和後按摩眼周、太陽穴、四白穴。

▎注意事項

  • 請依個人膚況調整使用比例。
  • 本產品為原料,建議稀釋過後使用。
  • 使用於臉部前請先做局部肌膚測試。
  • 正常劑量使用無安全顧慮。

▎參考文獻

  1. Frank C Mng'ong'o et al. Repellent plants provide affordable natural screening to prevent mosquito house entry in tropical rural settings-results from a pilot efficacy study. PLoS One. 2011;6(10):e25927.
  2. Larvicidal activity of two Algerian Verbenaceae essential oils against Culex pipiens. Vet Parasitol. 2011 Sep 27;181(2-4):370-3.
  3. Adriana R. Campos, Sidney G. Lima, José Galberto M. Costa. Chemical composition and resistance-modifying effect of the essential oil of Lantana camara Linn. Pharmacogn Mag. 2010 Apr;6(22):79-82.
  4. Adulticidal activity of essential oil of Lantana camara leaves against mosquitoes. Indian J Med Res. 2010 Mar;131:434-9.
  5. Cytotoxic evaluation of semisynthetic ester and amide derivatives of oleanolic acid. Nat Prod Commun. 2010 Oct;5(10):1567-70.
  6. Cytotoxic evaluation of semisynthetic ester and amide derivatives of oleanolic acid. Nat Prod Commun. 2010 Oct;5(10):1567-70.
  7. B. Sharma* and P. Kumar. Bioefficacy of Lantana camara L. against Some Human Pathogens. Indian J Pharm Sci. 2009 Sep;71(5):589-93.
  8. The anti-mycobacterial activity of Lantana camara a plant traditionally used to treat symptoms of tuberculosis in South-western Uganda. Afr Health Sci. 2009 Mar;9(1):40-5.
  9. Cytotoxic pentacyclic triterpenoids from Combretum sundaicum and Lantana camara as inhibitors of Bcl-xL/BakBH3 domain peptide interaction. J Nat Prod. 2009 Jul;72(7):1314-20.
  10. Antimycobacterial activity of flavonoids from Lantana camara Linn. Nat Prod Res. 2008 Apr 15;22(6):467-70.
  11. Lantadenes and their esters as potential antitumor agents. J Nat Prod. 2008 Jul;71(7):1222-7.
  12. Antimicrobial activity of some Indian medicinal plants. Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 2007 Feb 16;4(3):313-8.
  13. Synthesis, cytotoxicity, and antitumor activity of lantadene-A congeners. Chem Biodivers. 2007 May;4(5):932-9.
  14. Search for antibacterial and antifungal agents from selected Indian medicinal plants. J Ethnopharmacol. 2006 Sep 19;107(2):182-8.
  15. Evaluation of the antibacterial activity of Ventilago madraspatana Gaertn., Rubia cordifolia Linn. and Lantana camara Linn.: isolation of emodin and physcion as active antibacterial agents. Phytother Res. 2005 Oct;19(10):888-94.
  16. Effects of Lantana camara (Verbenaceae) on general reproductive performance and teratology in rats. Toxicon. 2005 Mar 15;45(4):459-66.
  17. Effects of Lantana camara (Verbenaceae) on rat fertility. Vet Hum Toxicol. 2003 Feb;45(1):20-3.
  18. M J Deena , J E Thoppil. Antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Lantana camara. Fitoterapia. 2000 Aug;71(4):453-5.
  19. Juanita .Barre et al. A bioactive triterpene from Lantana camara. Phytochemistry. 1997 May;45(2):321-4.
  20. Inhibitory effects of lantadenes and related triterpenoids on Epstein-Barr virus activation. Planta Med. 1995 Dec;61(6):558-9.

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